As a result of the competition in the construction sector, firms are trying to differentiate themselves and to be superior to others. With the developing technology, new solutions are being sought and new building systems are being created accordingly. Sector; In the process of change in which the capacity, ability and skills of different materials come to the forefront, visual changes are used together with functional differences. Rather than the previous stereotyped traditional methods, more functional new methods are preferred. Steel construction is at the forefront of these new methods.

Steel & Iron

If we look at the historical process; It is possible to say that iron has been replaced by steel. It is obvious that these two materials have been in our lives for centuries. While they were used as weapons and wares until a short period of time, they became loved and transferred to the construction sector. Iron was first used in construction sector. The first structures using iron were bridges. The iron that is experienced has been started to be processed and used in different structures. But at some point, iron has replaced steel. Because steel is thinner and lighter than iron, so the labor is low. Besides being as strong as iron, the construction phase is considerably shorter than iron.

What is structural steel?

As mentioned above, structural steel is actually an alloy formed by the processing of iron. Carbon, silicon, manganese, aluminum, copper, chromium, nickel, boron etc. an alloy formed by the elements we are familiar with. According to the nature of the steel to be used in the structure of these elements are decided on the genus and proportions. For example, the carbon content in the alloy determines the hardness of the steel.

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Characters Of Structural Steels

Steel is a high strength and light material. It is a building material that allows for different solution possibilities, is open to interpretation, and creates large and spacious areas for use. In the case of carrier steel, continuous spaces can be produced in buildings. Because the use of intermediate columns and walls is not necessary. If we enter into a small comparison with reinforced concrete; The carrier system is reinforced with a column of 40 * 40 cm in a structure with a carrier steel. Thus, net usage area gain is provided in the spaces.

Our building material is steel, ductile material. It can make major deformations, which offer the most suitable solutions for earthquake loads. That is why, especially in earthquake regions such as Japan, people prefer steel carrier houses to feel safe. The use of steel structures in today’s Turkey also is increasing. Especially in the last 10-15 years, steel usage as the main building material has become more widespread.

Another feature that makes steel preferable is that dismantled structures built with structural steel can be moved to different locations and easily adaptable to change. However, it allows for renovation, variations and adaptation of old buildings to new uses. Because steel is a 100% recyclable material. It would be a good idea to say that the future is a sustainable building material. The best example of this is the fact that steel structures in Europe are built with 96% recycled structural steels.