Iron and steel materials can become unusable due to corrosion. If metal material loss occurs due to corrosion, it will cause losses much higher than cost. It does not want any investor loss and efficiency to fall. Therefore, corrosion must be a stage included in the cost.
What is Corrosion?
Corrosion is the deterioration of a metal as a result of chemical reactions between it and the surrounding environment. Both the type of metal and the environmental conditions, particularly gasses that are in contact with the metal, determine the form and rate of deterioration. It is known as “rust” in daily use.
How to Prevent Corrosion
Corrosion occurs naturally and it is not easy to avoid. Although anti-corrosion agents are used, this cannot be precluded. But they can provide a slowing effect of corrosion. It must be checked at regular intervals to slow down. According to the usage of the material, the design phase should be started and environmental factors should be taken into consideration. Preventive measures should be taken after the variables are identified.
Corrosion Causing Factors
Corrosion causes are related to the environment of the material. Factors such as concentration, temperature, pH and the velocity of the fluid in the environment directly affect the formation of corrosion. As it is understood that to prevent corrosion, it is necessary to prepare the ambient conditions to be suitable for the material. The environment should be minimized. In general, this surface is made by the method called coating. Corrosion is an event that occurs as a result of interaction with the surface. Therefore, it is important that the material surface has high corrosion resistance.