The Bosphorus has become one of the areas where living beings prefer to live with diversity. With the development of the city, the population increased rapidly, but a good city planning could not be made. The culture of “neighborhood halls”, which has become a tradition, has disappeared due to the conditions brought by today’s urbanization.
For the people of Istanbul, who have been engaged with truck farmin since history, the notion of farming was important. Quarter gardenning zones established to produce the city’s own food; the public has had many returns, both material and spiritual. In this context, we are about to lose this powerful concept, which has become a social need of today’s Istanbul and its people. The neighborhoods of Istanbul are not the only ones that have been lost in the memory of Istanbul.
When we pay attention to the names of the streets of Istanbul, we can understand how many bostans in the past. These streets, which were called “farms” in their names, were a source for us because they were once bostan. The streets in different districts like Çengelköy, Şişli, Kadıköy, Üsküdar and the names of “farm” world in their names are proof that they are suitable for agriculture in the past. When the human brain (the interpreter) receives a warning (signifier), it refers to the meaning concept (shown, signified) that is referenced to the warning by referring to the meaning units (ie signs) located in its memory to make sense of it. In this case, we can say that the concept of al-farm street-to-us farm status is based on many stimulating factors that come from our history. In fact, the people of Istanbul migrated from the village to the city. Relations with soil; When they first came to the city, they were making the bostans a sign that they had learned. But since they found the way to adapt to the city to abandon the village life altogether, this code lost its property. Their abandoned agriculture alienated them from where they came from, rather than making them urban.
To mention some older ones, since Theodosius Walls (Istanbul Walls) (¹) have been built since the 400s. This is the Yedikule Bostanları, where you don’t have to be a stranger. On the beautiful order ordered by Theodosius, the lower part of the walls is dedicated to the use of the public as a warehouse. In other words, the walls that existed since the Byzantine period are evidence that the gardens have existed since then. Farmers who are the source of assets of gardens are the transmitters of this intangible culture. The sowing techniques were transferred from the Byzantine farmers to the Turkish farmers. The cultural beauty of the work comes from here. This progress, which has been going on for centuries, has begun to disappear since 1980. For example, now we used as the Yenikapı metro station was Langa Gardens. There were pit fields that were converted into agricultural land with the remaining of the Byzantine cisterns unfunctional; You can see the evidence of how an agricultural land in Çengelköy Field Street has disappeared over the years.
The land that a Byzantine farmer cultivates is planting various ethnic Greek, Armenian, and Albanian farmers. The same land, with the same technique … Today, Kastamonu is planted by farmers from Cide.
Everything aside; The field is a productive image against the decadent urban culture. It is not formed by the land on which man lives, but by the bond formed by the product obtained from the soil he has sowed. In this context, farming can alienate the urban life of the people they become alienated with time, and thus make it an instrument that connects the land with the city, and can strengthen the connection with the city and strengthen the motives of adopting the city. They are of great importance in terms of social integration consciousness. Neighborhood fields; It is the elements that create the many reasons in terms of communicating with other urban residents, provide the opportunity to socialize, transfer their knowledge and know-how, and strengthen the consciousness of being a society because they are the areas that make the success of the society fully shared.
1-The city walls built around the eastern Roman times. The walls, which surround Istanbul, were built in history starting from the 5th century and restored four times. Its final construction is from AD 408. II. During the time of Theodosius (408-450), the walls of Istanbul extended to Ayvansaray along the shore of the Golden Horn from Sarayburnu and to Yedikule along the Marmara coast, from Yedikule to Topkapı and from Topkapı to Ayvansaray.