With the introduction of steel and its effects, this new understanding of construction has gained momentum since its inception and has continued to spread. All kinds of inventions and innovations facilitating operation throughout human history; The main source of the change process is how easy or difficult it is to absorb. Sometimes sources mobilized technology, and sometimes technology resources were mobilized, but as a result, they settled in a common order. The iron-steel fury, which started with Kristal Saray, soon appeared in many parts of the world. In fact, the secret of the present day of the cities has been the secret..
If we look at Chicago, one of today’s famous cities; it is a city that has changed its destiny due to a great fire disaster in its history. During the reconstruction after the fire, the population of the city has increased considerably. This rapid population growth brought more housing needs and increased the land prices. The solution to this problem; The buildings were elevated and elevated. The steel construction that started to show itself at that time was the blood sought after. A new style was created by using the modern technique brought with steel. Unlike in the past; function and needs based on the multi-storey, emphasizing the verticality, the desired is the same as the same planned structures of each floor began to be created. These structures are called ’’ the first skyscrapers”.
Home Insurance Building we saw in the photo was registered as the first high building. This building was built with a steel frame. The new material of the period and the new production technique is a product itself. While trying something new, the new technologies of the period were also used in the building. For example, the lift is located to solve the transportation problem…
Reliance, another work in the early stages of high building development, was the first building in which steel frame system was used and was constructed as steel + glass. Each starter and experiment aroused curiosity because the steel is an innovative material and this potential is now at the reachable point. In the pursuit of Reliance, the multi-storey buildings continued to grow and rise. The boundaries were forced each time, one was missing and the other was completed. The city of Chicago was rebuilt at an unprecedented speed. Houses, bridges, industrial buildings, offices and hotels began to take their place in the city center of the period. The city was dominated by tall buildings. If we look at today’s building types, can we say that the skyscrapers played the indispensable in time? I think yes, we can say. Even to explain this; today’s skyscrapers have become indicators of power and wealth of our age; It can be thought of as the pyramids of ancient Egypt or temples of the Mayans. Symbols of power of institutions such as finance and media; they are the skyscrapers they use as a business center. We can understand that the skyscraper, which is closer to the sky, is considered to be bigger than the cities and presented metropolitans.