“Firmitas, utilitas, venustas “so“ robustness, usability, beauty… The Roman architect Vitruvius, who lived in the 1st century, summarized the requirements of a successful architecture in this way. In 1581, when a British writer described architecture as “structural science”, Sir Henri Watton states in his book “The Elements of Architecture” (1624) that architecture must respond to three conditions: usability, robustness, and beauty. In the search for all these definitions, it is discovered that the carrier system is one of the main components of architecture. Architecture is taken as a whole with the structure at every point of the design phase. Because the beauty of an architectural design must be robust. Here, the structure of the carrier system is the most important role in the structure.
Structure gives shape to styles and orientations that change and develop throughout the history of architecture. New inventions and techniques enabled by technology evolving over time; the development of the structure has provided, of course, this development is reflected in the architecture. The positive thinking that started with the rationalist rhetoric of Descartes first and the technological developments which were the result of it, gained momentum with the Industrial Revolution. The rapid development of industry and technology has led to the transition from philosophy and art to technology in the late 19th and early 20th century. Although it has been used for almost 4000 years, the metal material that was scientifically first formed in this period is one of the most important new products. In addition to the use of new building materials in the construction sector; new construction techniques are also used and in the light of all these developments, they cause significant innovations in the architecture community. The foundations of modern architecture are laid in this period.
The different disciplines that come into the life of the architect become the factors that will shape its decision-making mechanism. Residual materials and systems have been the main factors driving the design process, not the derivatives of standard building systems and elements.